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DELTA English meaning

what is the definition of delta

If the river breaches its natural levees (such as during a flood), it spills out into a new course with a shorter route to the ocean, thereby obtaining a steeper, more stable gradient.[13] Typically, when the river switches channels in this manner, some of its flow remains in the abandoned channel. Repeated channel-switching events build https://www.forex-world.net/ up a mature delta with a distributary network. Urban areas and human habitation tends to locate in lowlands near water access for transportation and sanitation.[65] This makes deltas a common location for civilizations to flourish due to access to flat land for farming, freshwater for sanitation and irrigation, and sea access for trade.

Deltas often host extensive industrial and commercial activities as well as agricultural land which are often in conflict. Some of the world’s largest regional economies are located on deltas such as the Pearl River Delta, Yangtze River Delta, European Low Countries and the Greater Tokyo Area. The extensive anthropogenic activities in deltas also interfere with geomorphological and ecological delta processes.[56] People living on deltas often construct flood defences which prevent sedimentation from floods on deltas, and therefore means that sediment https://www.day-trading.info/ deposition can not compensate for subsidence and erosion. In addition to interference with delta aggradation, pumping of groundwater,[57] oil, and gas,[58] and constructing infrastructure all accelerate subsidence, increasing relative sea level rise. Anthropogenic activities can also destabilise river channels through sand mining,[59] and cause saltwater intrusion.[60] There are small-scale efforts to correct these issues, improve delta environments and increase environmental sustainability through sedimentation enhancing strategies.

Examples of delta

Robert Johnson, widely recognized as one of the greatest guitarists of all time, played the Delta blues. These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word ‘delta.’ Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. The Selenga River delta in the Russian republic of Buryatia is the largest delta emptying into a body of fresh water, in its case Lake Baikal.

what is the definition of delta

Sand and gravel is often quarried from these old deltas and used in concrete for highways, buildings, sidewalks, and even landscaping. More than 1 billion tons of sand and gravel are produced in the United States alone.[64] Not all sand and gravel quarries are former deltas, but for ones that are, much of the sorting is already done by the power of water. In some cases, a river flowing into a flat arid area splits into channels that evaporate as it progresses into the desert. The Okavango Delta in Botswana is one example.[47] See endorheic basin. Delta BluesDelta blues is a style of music developed by African American artists living and performing in the Mississippi Delta region of the southern United States. The Mississippi Delta is actually a floodplain between two rivers in northwestern Mississippi, the Mississippi and the Yazoo, and it is sometimes referred to as the Yazoo-Mississippi Delta.Slide guitar is one of the standard instruments used by Delta blues musicians, while familiar topics include poverty and injustice.

Scrabble Words Without Any Vowels

Another way these distributary networks form is from the deposition of mouth bars (mid-channel sand and/or gravel bars at the mouth of a river). When this mid-channel bar is deposited at the mouth of a river, the flow is routed around it. This results in additional deposition on the upstream end of the mouth-bar, which splits the river into two distributary channels.[14][15] A good example of the result of this process is the Wax Lake Delta. Other rivers, particularly those on coasts with significant tidal range, do not form a delta but enter into the sea in the form of an estuary.

  1. The Selenga River delta in the Russian republic of Buryatia is the largest delta emptying into a body of fresh water, in its case Lake Baikal.
  2. Some of the world’s largest regional economies are located on deltas such as the Pearl River Delta, Yangtze River Delta, European Low Countries and the Greater Tokyo Area.
  3. If you have questions about how to cite anything on our website in your project or classroom presentation, please contact your teacher.
  4. Because the sediment is laid down in this fashion, the shape of these deltas approximates a fan.

It is so named because its triangle shape resembles the uppercase Greek letter delta, Δ. The size and shape of a delta are controlled by the balance between watershed processes that supply sediment, and receiving basin processes that redistribute, sequester, and export that sediment.[3][4] The size, geometry, and location of the receiving basin also plays an important role in delta evolution. In both of these cases, depositional processes force redistribution of deposition from areas of high deposition to areas of low deposition. This results in the smoothing of the planform (or map-view) shape of the delta as the channels move across its surface and deposit sediment. Because the sediment is laid down in this fashion, the shape of these deltas approximates a fan. The more often the flow changes course, the shape develops as closer to an ideal fan, because more rapid changes in channel position result in more uniform deposition of sediment on the delta front.

Other definitions for Delta (2 of

The Mississippi and Ural River deltas, with their bird’s-feet, are examples of rivers that do not avulse often enough to form a symmetrical fan shape. Alluvial fan deltas, as seen by their name, avulse frequently and more closely approximate an ideal fan shape. As the gradient of the river channel decreases, the amount of shear stress on the bed decreases, which results in the deposition of sediment within the channel and a rise in the channel bed relative to the floodplain.

Scientific definitions for delta

Notable examples include the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the Tagus estuary. Deltas form as rivers empty their water and sediment into another body of water, such as an ocean, lake, or another river. Ancient deltas are a benefit to the economy due to their well sorted sand and gravel.

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